S Linder-Pelz International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring 2008
In this conceptual article we suggest that understanding clients’ self-reflexive processes enables coaches to become even more effective in helping clients make changes in how they think, feel and act. Our aim is also to throw light on the relationship between metacognition, change and coaching. We begin with an overview of theories of metacognition and then set out 10 principles of meta-level processing which, together with an understanding of NLP (neuro-linguistic programming), lead Hall to propose the Meta-States model of self-reflexivity (Hall 1995/2000). We then describe the Meta-States model and how it in turn led to the development of the Axes of Change model (Hall and Duval 2004). Following that we outline how the NLP, Meta-States and Axes of Change models underpin the Meta-coaching methodology and we illustrate with case studies. Finally we reflect on how the ideas presented here address issues raised in the coaching literature.